Facts – Interesting Animal Facts To Know

Facts – Interesting Animal Facts To Know
08 Mar

By Bazigah Murad

  • Zebra are part of the equidae family along with horse and donkeys.
  • Every zebra has a unique pattern of black and white stripes.
  • There are a number of different theories which attempt to explain zebra’s unique stripes with most relating to camouflage.IFacts (26)
  • Wild zebras live in Africa.
  • Common plain zebras have tails around half a metre in length (18 inches).
  • Zebra crossings (pedestrian crossings) are named after the black and white stripes of zebras.
  • Zebras run from side to side to being chased by a predator.
  • Zebras have excellent eyesight and hearing.
  • Zebras stand up while sleeping.
  • Zebras eat mostly grass.
  • The ears of a zebra show its mood.
  • A zebra named Marty starred in the 2005 animated film Madagascar.
  • Turtles are reptiles.
  • Turtles have a hard shell that protects them like a shield, this upper shell is called a ‘carapace’.
  • Turtles also have a lower shell called a ‘plastron’.IFacts (12)
  • Many turtle species (not all) can hide their heads inside their shells when attacked by predators.
  • Turtles have existed for around 215 million years.
  • Like other reptiles, turtles are cold blooded.
  • The largest turtle is the leatherback sea turtle, it can weigh over 900 kg! (2000 lb)
  • Turtles lay eggs.
  • Some turtles lay eggs in the sand and leave them to hatch on their own. The young turtles make their way to the top of the sand and scramble to the water while trying to avoid predators.
  • Sea turtles have special glands which help remove salt from the water they drink.IFacts (18)
  • There are over 1 billion sheep in the world.
  • China has the largest number of sheep in the world.
  • Adult female sheep are known as ewes.
  • Adult male sheep are known as rams.
  • A group of sheep is known as a herd, flock or mob.
  • Young sheep are called lambs.
  • Sheep have a field of vision of around 300 degrees, allowing them to see behind themselves without having to turn their head.
  • Sheep are herbivores that eat vegetation such as grass.
  • The digestive system of sheep features four chambers which help break down what they eat.
  • Sheep like to stay close to others in a herd which makes them easier to move together to new pastures.
  • In 1996, a sheep named Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned from a somatic cell.
  • Domesticated sheep are raised for a number of agricultural products including fleece and meat.
  • There are around 372 different parrot species.
  • Most parrots live in tropical areas.IFacts (16)
  • Parrots have curved bills (beaks), strong legs and clawed feet.
  • Parrots are often brightly coloured.
  • Parrots are believed to be one of the most intelligent bird species.
  • Some species are known for imitating human voices.
  • Most parrot species rely on seeds as food. Others may eat fruit, nectar, flowers or small insects.
  • Parrots such as the budgerigar (budgie) and cockatiel are popular as pets.
  • Some parrot species can live for over 80 years.
  • There are 21 different species of cockatoo.
  • Cockatoos usually have black, grey or white plumage (feathers).
  • New Zealand is home to some very unique parrots including the kea, kaka and kakapo.
  • Keas are large, intelligent parrots that live in alpine areas of New Zealand’s South Island. They are the world’s only alpine parrot and are known for their curious and sometimes cheeky behaviour near ski fields where they like to investigate bags, steal small items and damage cars.
  • Kakapos are critically endangered flightless parrots, as of 2010 only around 130 are known to exist. They are active at night (nocturnal) and feed on a range of seeds, fruit, plants and pollen. Kakapos are also the world’s heaviest parrot.
  • The flag of Dominica features the sisserou parrot.
  • Koalas are native to Australia.
  • Koalas are not bears.
  • Koala fossils found in Australia have been dated as long ago as 20 million years.
  • Koalas eat eucalypt leaves and almost nothing else.IFacts (20)
  • The brain size of modern koalas has reduced substantially from their ancestors, possibly as an adaptation to the low energy they get from their diets.
  • The closest living relative of the koala is the wombat.
  • Koalas have sharp claws which help them climb trees.
  • Koalas have similar fingerprints to humans.
  • Koalas have large noses that are coloured pink or black.
  • A baby koala is called a ‘joey’. Joeys live in their mother’s pouch for around six months and remain with them for another six months or so afterwards.
  • Koalas cannot be kept legally as pets.
  • Penguins are flightless birds. While other birds have wings for flying, penguins have adapted flippers to help them swim in the water.
  • Most penguins live in the Southern Hemisphere.IFacts (1)
  • The Galapagos Penguin is the only penguin specie that ventures north of the equator in the wild.
  • Large penguin populations can be found in countries such as New Zealand, Australia, Chile, Argentina and South Africa. No penguins live at the North Pole.
  • Penguins eat a range of fish and other sealife that they catch underwater. Penguins can drink sea water.
  • Penguins spend around half their time in water and the other half on land.
  • The Emperor Penguin is the tallest of all penguin species, reaching as tall as 120 cm (47 in) in height.
  • Emperor Penguins can stay underwater for around 20 minutes at a time.
  • Emperor Penguins often huddle together to keep warm in the cold temperatures of Antarctica.
  • King Penguins are the second largest penguin specie. They have four layers of feathers to help keep them warm on the cold subantarctic islands where they breed.
  • Chinstrap Penguins get their name from the thin black band under their head. At times it looks like they’re wearing a black helmet, which might be useful as they’re considered the most aggressive type of penguin.
  • Crested penguins have yellow crests, as well as red bills and eyes.
  • Yellow eyed penguins (or Hoiho) are endangered penguins native to New Zealand. Their population is believed to be around 4000.
  • Little Blue Penguins are the smallest type of penguin, averaging around 33 cm (13 in) in height.
  • Penguin’s black and white plumage serves as camouflage while swimming. The black plumage on their back is hard to see from above, while the white plumage on their front looks like the sun reflecting off the surface of the water when seen from below.
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